What is the story about different types of a Water Treatment System?
Water, everyone needs it to survive. Where does it come from, and how to you know if it is clean enough for you to drink, swim, bath or cook in? How about brushing your teeth? Have you ever heard of acid rain?
What are some of the concerns with drinking water, as well as water used for daily use such as recreation, farming, gardening and human sports? The Clean water act is the federal law in the United States that is responsible for curtailing water pollution. They first act was started in 1948, and was added to in 1972, 1977 as well as 1987. But that was not good enough.
That is where the Safe Drinking water act comes in to focus. The purpose of the Safe drinking water act is the main federal law that ensures that the water quality that you drink meets the standards set by the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) passed by Congress in 1974. It was updated in 1986 and 1996, and has been extended to include rivers, lakes, reservoirs, springs and ground water wells. Unless, there are less than 25 individuals being served by that private well.
The national health-based standards for drinking water are set to protect against both naturally-occurring and man-made contaminants that may be found in drinking water. US EPA, states, and water systems then work together to make sure that these standards are met. The US EPA has oversight, but usually leaves states and Indian Tribes responsibility to meet the required standards set by law.
That is a mouthful! So there is a lot of laws regulating your drinking water and distribution system of where you live. What are the problems that you are being protected from?
There are a number of threats to drinking water: improperly disposed of chemicals; animal wastes; pesticides; human wastes; wastes injected deep underground; and naturally-occurring substances can all contaminate drinking water. Likewise, drinking water that is not properly treated or disinfected, or which travels through an poorly maintained distribution system, may also be a risk to your health.
I will be speaking of small water treatment systems, since those are the systems I am most familiar with and managed in different locations. For a small water treatment system, the challenge is to determine which treatment technology is appropriate in terms of cost, reliability, operation, maintenance, and compliance. Treatment technologies fall into three broad types:
- Removal of Particulates and Total dissolved Solids (TDS)
- Simple filtration
- Advanced filtration
- Reverse osmosis
- Removal of Chemical Contamination
- Ion exchange
- Sorption (Sorption is a physical and chemical process by which one substance becomes attached to another)
- Others (aeration, softening, electrodialysis, reverse osmosis)
- Removal of Biological Contaminants
- Ultraviolet light
- Other disinfection technologies (ammonium compounds, nonoxidizing biocides [i.e., formaldehyde], heat, and peracetic acid)
I am going to share an overall view of the EPA site: http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/wswrd/dw/smallsystems/treatment.html you can read it in its’ entirety, or just look at the overview that I share here.
So you want to be an organic gardener or organic farmer, you can see all of the items just in your water that you should have a basic understanding of in the world we live in today.
Millions of Americans receive high quality drinking water every day from their public water systems, as long as you are not allergic to chlorine or other chemicals that are used to treat your water including the distribution of it (which may be publicly or privately owned). Nonetheless, drinking water safety cannot be taken for granted. The Safe Drinking Water Act applies to every public water system in the United States. There are currently more than 160,000 public water systems providing water to almost all Americans at some time in their lives.
There are a number of threats to drinking water: improperly disposed of chemicals; animal wastes; pesticides; human wastes; wastes injected deep underground; and naturally-occurring substances can all contaminate drinking water. Likewise, drinking water that is not properly treated or disinfected, or which travels through an improperly maintained distribution system, may also pose a health risk.
A water treatment system is great for getting a reasonable quality of water to your Home/ Garden or Farm. It is up to you from this point forward to turn that water into the water that you know is not only safe for everyday living, but also for drinking/cooking and helping you to stay healthy.
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Turning Your Dreams Into The Life Of Your Dreams
Chris Downs ———— The Caretaker